Mobile penetration is at 89% in the developing world and could be a potential game changer for international development. The devices are being used to create crisis maps of areas stricken by natural disaster, distribute health information, enhance election monitoring, and help people without access to traditional banking services make transactions, pay bills and receive wages. The exponential increase in mobile coverage in the developing world, and the lack of traditional infrastructure means the simple device offers a cheap, alternative way of communicating to people. On top of the mass communication, mobility data is also being used in open data projects such as the IBM project in the Ivory Coast to track people’s movement in an effort to update the country’s outdated transportation system.
The impact of mobile technology is getting a lot of attention from businesses, charities and governments around the world and now USAID, the United States Agency for International Development, has recently launched a mobility office which advises the rest of the organisation on how to use mobile technology to start new initiatives. The agency works with governments in Afghanistan, Colombia, Haiti, Peru, and the Philippines to identify mobile payment opportunities, which can avoid traditional pay packets and ensure workers receive a full salary, circumventing potential corruption. For example, police officers in Wardak province in Afghanistan saw their take-home pay go up 30 percent when their salaries changed from cash to mobile payments. In addition, a recent report from Agence France-Presse also highlighted how mobile banking has sparked a ‘minor revolution’ in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It allowed civil servants to both get paid on time as well as receive exactly what is owed to them, avoiding the traditional pay packet and the problems with their superiors syphoning off ‘tips’ for their own pockets. USAID is putting tens of millions of dollars into programs to support country-level mobile money initiatives and also sees them as a way to drive financial access for women in parts of the developing world where purse strings are traditionally controlled by men.
USAID is also looking at how mobile technology can also help with education in the developing world, where traditional educational tools are lacking. For example, non-profit Worldreader brought more than half a million e-books to children in Africa via the 10,000 Kindles it’s distributed. After a one-year pilot program, the organization has launched Worldreader Mobile, a way for any feature phone user with a 2G connection to read more than 1,400 books for free.
- Democratic Republic of Congo – Mobile Banking on the up (mobileinthedevelopingworld.wordpress.com)
- Mobile Technology: The Future of International Development (girlsglobe.org)